On the Nation of Competitiveness
Alert by the rapid flow and growing volume of goods and services in trade exchanges, the vision and missions undertaken by the center is dedicated and oriented towards improving Indonesia’s competitiveness in such dynamic development of trade. Relatively low if compare to other developing/emerging industrialized nations, the country competitiveness problems center around its lack of industrialization policy scheme which stem from, among others, Inadequate rate of manufacturing value added and under-capacity of local industry players amidst local autonomy/decentralization policies.
Global Value Chain
Challenged as well as potentially benefited by its surrounding regional schemes of AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Area), ACFTA (ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement), IJCPA (Indonesia-Japan Comprehensive Partnership Agreement), AANZFTA (ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement), AIFTA (ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement), AKFTA (ASEAN-Korea Free Trade Agreement), APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation) and TPP (Trans-Paacific Partnership), Indonesia demands an approach which is conceptually and practically devised within the framework of GVC (Global Value Chain). As asserted by Dirk Messner (Schmitz, 2003), this network-based global economyframework considers that global economy is not just governed by a combination of reliance on free markets and rules of inter-governmental organizations. Export oriented regions and countries experience their global economic integration most directly as they are tied into global valuechains–often governed by global buyers— and as they are faced with global standards that are defined by global policy networks. CWTS UGM’s GVC-related program development is conducted through several activities designed to advance knowledge and expertise in GVC:
- Short Course Series in International Trade (SCSIT)
The course is series of academic and practical inquiries designed as a forum for relevant stakeholders to trade which is intended to explore various issues in international trade. Participants of the course represent government officials, business practitioners, academia, students and researchers as well as general public audience interested in trade-related issues.
- GVC Discussion Series
The series are compilation of student’s working papers originated from courses on GVC in the field of International Development Cooperation at the Graduate Program in International Relations UGM.
- Research on GVC-related Topics
Bidang Kajian Perdagangan Dunia yang meliputi,
- Perdagangan Regional: AFTA, APEC, ASEM
- Perdagangan Bilateral : IJEPA, IACEPA, PI-PTA
- Perdagangan Barang dan Jasa Tertentu
Bidang Kajian WTO yang meliputi,
- Perdagangan Barang (GATT/General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade)
- Perdagangan Jasa (GATS/General Agreement on Trade in Services)
- HaKI (TRIPS/Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights)
- Investasi Asing (TRIMS/Trade-Related Investment Measures)
- Pertanian (AoA/Agreement on Agriculture)
- Penyelesaian Sengketa (Dispute Settlement Mechanism)
- Kajian Kebijakan Perdagangan (Trade Policy Review Mechanism)
Bidang Kajian Teknologi untuk Penguatan Daya Saing yang meliputi,
- Pengembangan Teknologi
- Standarisasi Produk dan Paten.